Epson 9900 Color Management, ICC Profile Creation, Color Workflow Tips

epson 9900

In this article we will be discussing the proper color management workflow for the Epson Stylus Pro 9900 to ensure that you maximize the quality of your prints. Color management involves more than just an ICC profile, so it takes a firm understanding for how color actually works. A color profile determines how a color’s numeric values map to its visual appearance, either on screen or off a printer. The very first step to managing your color is to insure that you are viewing your color accurately. In order to accurately view how a printer profile will output a particular file, you must calibrate your monitor. The Eye-One Display2 is the industry standard for monitor calibration, but you can also use devices like the ColorMunki Photo, the Spyder-3 Pro, or the PANTONE Huey Pro. Each device is equipped with the necessary software to calibrate your monitor and maintain consistency in color representation. If you do not own one of these devices though, you can still complete the rest of the profiling process (without the ability to soft-proof on screen). To start, let’s go through the process beginning with the color settings in Adobe Photoshop.

How to Manage the Embedded ICC Profiles

To access your color settings in Photoshop, click on the Edit pull-down menu and locate Color Settings near the bottom of the list. Your working space specifies the color profile that is to be used for either a CMYK or RGB workflow. The profiles you choose as your working space can be whatever you specify as there is no right or wrong setting. The most commonly used working spaces are Adobe RGB (1998) and U.S. Web Coated (SWOP) v2. These are selected due to their relatively wide color gamut and consistency with the vast majority of reproducible colors. Looking in the bottom portion of the window you will find the Color Management Policies. These policies determine what action Photoshop takes when you have files that have a different embedded profile to what your working space is set at. Normally, these settings are set to “Preserve Embedded Profiles” but changing that to “Convert to Working” will keep all of your files in the same color space. This is important if color consistency is what you strive for. Last but not least, Profile Mismatches and Missing Profiles should be “checked” to activate “Ask When Opening”. This way, any time you open a new file you will be notified if the file you are opening is embedded with a profile other than your working space. It is always best to convert to your working space.


epson 9900 color settings


The Importance of Using the Correct Black Ink

Now that you have your color settings complete, let’s go through the process of creating a custom ICC Profile. These settings are universal regardless of the device being used for profiling. In the following example, we will be profiling our Lyve Canvas. To start, you want to make sure that the Epson 9900 is using the correct black. The 9900 is equipped with Matte Black and Photo Black, and it is very important to use the black that best suites the media you are printing on. Photo Black is used for any photo papers that have a gloss, satin, or luster sheen. But Photo Black is also used on glossy canvases, such as our Crystalline Gloss or Satin Canvas. Photo Black has sheen to it so printing with it on the media types mentioned will produce blacks that match the sheen of the paper. If you were to use Matte Black on a photo paper, you will experience gloss differential in the blacks or any colors that are combined with black. Gloss differential (not to be confused with bronzing) mainly happens with black since the black inks in the 9900 have very different properties. Using Photo Black on a matte paper will result in the image looking somewhat washed out and less vibrant. On the flip side, using Matte Black on a photo paper will have a noticeably dull look in any dark areas due to the Matte Black’s dense properties and lack of sheen. Please see the images below to have a better understanding of what this looks like. Lyve Canvas is a Matte canvas so we will use Matte Black to achieve the best possible results. Be sure to set your printer to Matte Black if it is not already using it. Switching Photo Black to Matte Black uses about 1.13ml of ink and Matte Black to Photo Black uses about 3.34ml of ink. This is because the black inks share a line in the ink delivery system so the ink currently in the line is purged to allow the opposite ink to be used. The entire process takes about 2-3 minutes.


epson 9900 photo black vs. matte black comparison


Printing Targets and Creating Your Own ICC Profile

Now that you are using Matte Black, let’s begin our profile creation. First, locate the target file your profiling device (spectrophotometer) requires to build a profile. The Eye-One Pro or ColorMunki Photo (X-Rite products) produces the best, most accurate results in minimal time. In this example, we will be using the Eye-One iO scanning table equipped with the Eye-One Pro. While there are many target files that will produce great results, I find that Bill Atkinson’s 1728 target seems to produce the best results overall. Open the target file, and do not embed any profile or working space. Target files are untagged RGB files so applying a profile to it may affect the end results of the profile. With the target file open, go to File>Print. On the first print dialog box you have Color Handling options on the right. Prior to Adobe CS5, you have 3 options: Printer Manages Color, Photoshop Manages Color, or No Color Management. When printing targets for a custom ICC profile, it is vital that this be set to No Color Management (Printer Manages Colors in Adobe CS5). This is because the profile you are building will manage the color. If you print targets with an ICC Profile (or any other type of color management) you will drastically affect the end result of the profile. Having set the Color Handling to No Color Management, you can now proceed to Page Setup (Printer Settings in Adobe CS5).


epson 9900 no color management option


Choose the Right Media type to Maximize Your Ink Capacity

The Epson 9900 has lots of standard media types that are used for printing. Many people wonder what the correct setting is for a particular media. The short answer is to match the media type in the driver with what most closely resembles the media you are printing on. But sometimes you can achieve better results through experimentation. The media types in the Epson driver have set ink loads that will differ depending on what you are printing on. Canvas, for example, can absorb more ink than a typical photo paper so it’s important to use a media type that outputs more ink. If you do not utilize the maximum capability of your media, the prints can appear washed out and dull. However, outputting more ink than the media can handle will result in over-saturation, mottling, pooling, ink bleeding, and lack of sharpness in the overall print. To find the right balance, it’s best to do a small test print of solid colors (Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black) and visually check if any of these instances occur. For Lyve Canvas, Epson’s Watercolor paper setting produces just the right amount of ink to push the output and color gamut to its threshold without any problems. Depending on your print room temperature/humidity, your results may vary slightly so it is best to test multiple media types before determining which is best to use. As long as you do not see any of the artifacts described above and the color looks vibrant, you are ready to proceed.

Resolution – How Much Do You Actually Need?

The Print Quality is best determined by what media you are printing on. Under Quality Options, you will find various resolution/print modes. 1440x720dpi offers great resolution without sacrificing speed. 2880x1440dpi may be considered “over-the-top” since you will not notice additional resolution sharpness on canvas due to its texture and porous look. 2880 will also slow your printer down considerably and use slightly more ink overall. Of course, these resolution settings are moot if the file you are printing is relatively low in pixel depth (also referred to as low resolution). High Speed mode should be left on as this utilizes bi-directional printing (print head fires ink in both directions of travel). If you are not sure how a particular image will print, click on the View menu and select Actual Pixels in Photoshop. This will accurately show the resolution of your image at 100% (the size the image will be printed at). While canvas tends to be more forgiving in terms of output (in regards to a low resolution file), a typical photo paper will not be as forgiving.


epson 9900 quality options


Below Print Quality, you have a Color Mode. When set to Automatic, the Epson driver will apply a color mode to the print. Usually this will raise the overall saturation of the image being printed, especially in the Reds and Blues. This should not be applied to building a profile due to color shifts that may occur. These settings can be experimented with during the printing process, but for profiling they should be turned off. To do so, change the Color Mode from Automatic to Custom. When Custom has been selected, click on the pull-down menu below and select Off (No Color Adjustment). This will leave the target file unaffected. Now that all of these settings have been made, you are ready to print out the targets for profiling.


epson 9900 no color adjustment option


Using Your new ICC Profile

When the targets have been printed, allow them to dry for 15-20 minutes prior to scanning with your spectrophotometer. After scanning and building your new ICC Profile, you are now ready to use it for your next print. Please watch the video below to see the correct print settings when using an ICC Profile you’ve created.

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  • German Soza

    Is there a profile for the Epson 11880 printer?

    • Paul Morales

      Hello German,

      If you are looking for any specific ICC profiles, please follow our instructional video for downloading and installing Breathing Color’s custom ICC profiles. Thank you for your inquiry.

      Thank you,

      • Mark

        When printing the target from Photoshop CC, what should I set the rendering intent to for best results?

        The images attached, show my settings for profiling Lyve Canvas…are they correct?

        Many thanks


  • Phil

    The Color Munki  Print is a lot cheaper than Eye-One.
    In your experience does it produce repeatable high quality profiles? Some web comments refer to difficulty in manually scanning the target printouts to get consistent results?
    Im unsure whether to use a profiling service that will use a high end spectrometer or take the plunge and buy the Munki? My experience with the Datacolor Spyder has been a disaster since ive had to get the measurement unit replaced twice before getting reasonable results?
    Any guidance from your practical experience in using this stuff much appreciated.

    • Justin Bodin


      The ColorMunki does a great job at making consistently-good ICC profiles. The old saying “you get what you pay for” rarely proves false, so a very expensive device will some some slight benefits. Still, the Munki works really well and we have lots of customer who use it and love it.

      Regarding difficulty with manual scanning, I have’t seen much of that. Sometimes reading glossy canvas can be a bit tricky–I assume because of the way the light refracts from the glossy canvas texture–but it’s certainly not impossible.

  • Tina

    Realize all these posts are pretty old… my gf just picked up a used 9900 and I’ve been working on her 3880 at her small framing shop. I’m an HP large format expert 2500, 5000, Z6100 and Corel user, for 20 yrs so I have experience and understanding of graphics ICC etc, though I work on the graphic design end, scientific data presentation.
    She uses photoshop elements and the prints from the 3880 are vibrant and true to screen, EPSON ink RGB profiles etc. Using Luster matte paper Matte black, The same image printed on the 9900 is washed out by comparison. The image has a palette of blues in it, which are printing Tealish by comparison. I’ve printed over 20 prints changing saturation levels, cyan, yellow etc. color profiles every choice…. saturation maxed and cyan 10 is closest I can get to the 3880 print using default RBG profile. I should say that the 9900 came with an ink set filled with non-epson ink. The previous shop had no issues with the machine printing similar artwork and they came over and set and installed the drivers etc
    My experience with HP the ink/dyes are only compatible with HP papers, having an epoxy like reaction to each other… I do not know if Epson uses similar technology. I need to get this 9900 up for her so I can attempt a full damper/ink system replacement on the 3800 – my fun never ends….
    thanks for any suggestions….

    • Justin Bodin

      You kind of confused me when you mentioned printing on “luster matte paper, using matte black ink.” A luster surface is not a matte one, and should be printed with photo black. Are you certain your 3880 is printing on that paper with matte black? If you’re selecting a Luster Photo media type, it will be defaulting the printer to use photo black.

      Maybe this is the differentiating factor between the print results from the 3880 and the 9900, if you’re manually setting matte black on the 9900 and not the 3880?

      Either way, definitely recommend using photo black on luster media.

      Epson’s ink technology does not house any kind of proprietary formulation that restricts you to their medias.

      Hope this helps!